Ten studies from 2013 with potential to change endocrinology practice were summarized in Annals of Internal Medicine's annual Update in Endocrinology, published in the June 3 issue.
The recommendations from the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes encourage use of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists.
ACP Diabetes Monthly delivers a monthly summary of news about diabetes, including the latest research, clinical guidelines, and FDA drug actions.
Preoperative glucose levels may predict postoperative cardiac outcomes regardless of whether patients have diabetes | ACP Diabetes Monthly
For patients without diabetes, predictors of myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery included a casual glucose level of more than 6.86 mmol/L (124 mg/dL) and a fasting glucose level of more than 6.41 mmol/L (116 mg/dL).
Integrated care model offers noninferior diabetes care to gold-standard specialist clinics | ACP Diabetes Monthly
A study conducted in Australia found that general practitioners with specialization in diabetes care and subspecialist-led clinics reduced HbA1c levels by similar amounts in patients with complex type 2 diabetes.
In a retrospective observational study, patients with prediabetes were assigned to a risk category for diabetes based on presence and severity of insulin resistance, impaired beta-cell function, and hyperglycemia, then treated accordingly.
Among patients with coronary artery disease, severity and frequency of hypoglycemia were associated with increased levels of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T, although the association was attenuated in adjusted analyses.
Diabetes patients without other risk factors may have near-normal mortality risks | ACP Diabetes Monthly
The studied risk factors were HbA1c level, LDL cholesterol level, presence of albuminuria, smoking status, and blood pressure.
Intensive glucose control soon after diagnosis may improve diabetes outcomes, study indicates | ACP Diabetes Monthly
The findings underscore the urgency of early diagnosis of diabetes and the consequences of failing to achieve near-normal glycemia soon after patients are diagnosed, according to the study authors.
Intermittent fasting appears effective for HbA1c reduction in type 2 diabetes | ACP Diabetes Monthly
Patients on the intermittent energy restriction diet ate 500 to 600 kcal/d on two nonconsecutive days each week and followed their usual diet on the other days. They were compared to a group eating 1,200 to 1,500 kcal/d.