Patients on the intermittent energy restriction diet ate 500 to 600 kcal/d on two nonconsecutive days each week and followed their usual diet on the other days. They were compared to a group eating 1,200 to 1,500 kcal/d.
Risk of Alzheimer's disease or vascular dementia was not associated with nonfasting plasma glucose levels in a large Danish study that included patients with and without diabetes.
Researchers used data from Kaiser Permanente of Northern California to retrospectively assess patients with type 2 diabetes who initiated a long-acting insulin analog or NPH insulin between Jan. 1, 2006, and Sept. 30, 2015.
Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors were associated with fewer hospitalizations for heart failure and slower progression of kidney disease while glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists were associated with lower risk of stroke
About one-third of men approached in barbershops owned by black individuals were willing to be screened for diabetes, and 9% of them had undiagnosed diabetes while 28% had prediabetes.
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists were associated with a higher risk of adverse events than sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors or dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, according to the meta-analysis.
While weight loss and improved fitness should both be recommended for patients with diabetes, these observational results highlight the need for further research to test whether prevention strategies focusing on improving
Researchers examined asymptomatic patients 65 years of age and older with type 2 diabetes and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction to look for impaired global longitudinal strain, diastolic dysfunction, or left atrial enlargement.
While both procedures were associated with high rates of type 2 diabetes remission, the rate of remission five years after surgery was about 10% higher in patients who had gastric bypass than in those who had sleeve gastrectomy.
An accompanying editorial noted that the results from this Chinese study highlight the need for a global emphasis on preventing cardiovascular disease.