The recommendations from the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes encourage use of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists.
In a retrospective observational study, patients with prediabetes were assigned to a risk category for diabetes based on presence and severity of insulin resistance, impaired beta-cell function, and hyperglycemia, then treated accordingly.
Among patients with coronary artery disease, severity and frequency of hypoglycemia were associated with increased levels of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T, although the association was attenuated in adjusted analyses.
A study conducted in Australia found that general practitioners with specialization in diabetes care and subspecialist-led clinics reduced HbA1c levels by similar amounts in patients with complex type 2 diabetes.
This month's quiz asks readers to evaluate a 40-year-old man with an HbA1c of 12% and a new skin rash that appeared abruptly 10 days earlier.
One recent study reported on the development and validation of an artificial intelligence algorithm for detecting diabetic retinopathy, while another tested such technology in primary care.
The agency offered new recommendations after receiving reports of patients using standard pen needles to inject insulin without removing the inner needle cover.